September 20, 2015

Bascomb Smith burns the Avenue Hotel, Belton, Texas 1883.

The Avenue Hotel (tinted) can be seen in this cropped enlargement
Courtesy of Commons Wikimedia
(Click image to enlarge)







n this day September 20th





1883: 14-year-old Bascomb Smith, younger brother of bad man Soapy Smith, tries to burn down the Avenue Hotel in Belton, Texas, because they would not hire him.

1888: Soapy Smith donates funds towards victims of a yellow fever epidemic in Jacksonville, Florida.
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There is no other new information regarding Bascomb trying to burn down the Avenue Hotel in Belton, Texas, but I did locate a nice drawn map and a photograph I do not recall seeing in the past.

The map below shows all of Belton in 1881. The cropped portion at the top of this article shows the location of the Avenue Hotel.



1881 map of Belton, Texas
The Avenue Hotel (tinted) can be seen in the center
Courtesy of Common Wikimedia
(Click image to enlarge)





Belton, Texas 1883
The gentlemen in the photograph are veterans of the 1836 battle of San Jacinto
Courtesy of Barnes and Noble
 (Click image to enlarge)




Sand Hills "Hospital"
Also known as "Shotgun Quarantine."
Courtesy of 500 Years of Discovering Florida
 (Click image to enlarge)


The yellow fever outbreak in Jacksonville, Florida scared the region severely. In 1888 medical science had not found the reason or cure for yellow fever. The fever is carried by mosquitoes, but this was not known until 1901. The mosquito problem in Florida was not eradicated until the 1950s. In 1888 it was believed that the fever was air-born and that the setting of tar fires might burn away the germs floating around. People in Jacksonville even took to shooting in the sky to kill the germs. Of the 5,000 cases, 427 people died.

The detailed history of "Soapy" Smith shows that he was very well-known for his charitable works. In this particular time of need he gave $10 to a fund, which is equivalent of forking over $332.06 today. You can read more about the event at the website 500 Years of Discovering Florida, 1888 Epidemic in Jacksonville.

Sources:
1) 1888 Epidemic in Jacksonville. 500 Years of Discovering Florida


















Belton, Texas: pages 32, 57, 82-83, 121-22, 216, 397.





"I never knew anything about Jeff Smith only what my husband had said [about] his being the king of the gamblers, and that naturally made me afraid of him. Well, you remember that night when Parson Uzzell was giving out loaves of bread to all the hungry people? I went to the [People’s] Tabernacle one night, but I got there too late. Every loaf of bread was gone, and not a penny in the house. I don’t know what I was doing only standing alone when a gentleman came close up to me and … pushed a piece of paper in my hand, and before I could even talk, he said: Take that, lady, it will get you all the bread you want."
Alias Soapy Smith, p. 329.



SEPTEMBER 20


1858: Camp Walbach is established to protect immigrants traveling through Cheyenne Pass between present day Nebraska and Wyoming.
1875: Cruz Vega a Mexican mail carrier helped waylay and murder the Reverend F. J. Tolby as the minister was riding between Elizabeth and Cimarron, New Mexico Territory. Cruz is arrested but released for lack of evidence. One month later, Reverend O. P. Mains persuaded bad man Clay Allison to force a confession from Cruz, which he did on October 30, 1875. Cruz implicated Manuel Cardenas and then Cruz Vega was hung from a pole. On November 10th masked men stormed the jail and shot Cardenas to death.
1877: Lincoln County War combatants, Dick Brewer, Charles Bowdre, and Doc Scurlock arrive in Las Cruces, New Mexico Territory with warrants for the arrest of Jesse Evans and his gang.
1878: A stagecoach is robbed by unknown outlaws near Cold Springs, Wyoming.
1881: Chester A. Arthur becomes the 21st president of the U.S. President James A. Garfield had died the day before.
1883: 14-year-old Bascomb Smith, younger brother of Soapy Smith, tries to burn down the Avenue hotel in Belton, Texas, because they would not hire him.
1884: The Equal Rights Party is formed in San Francisco, CA.
1888: Soapy Smith donates funds towards victims of a yellow fever epidemic in Jacksonville, Florida.





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